Healthy kidneys do many important jobs. kidneys remove wastes and extra fluid from your body and control the body’s fluid balance, and keep the right levels of electrolytes. They also balance the amount of certain elements in your blood (such as sodium, potassium, and calcium) kidneys are a pair of organs located toward your lower back . The kidneys are bean-shaped organs. Healthy kidneys filter about a half cup of blood every minute , Kidney (renal) failure is when kidneys don’t work as well as they should and lose the ability to sufficiently filter waste from your blood. Many factors can interfere with your kidney health and function condition that occurs when kidney function drops below 15 percent of normal capacity In most cases, kidney failure is caused by other health issues that have done permanent harm your kidneys in The long-term . It is estimated to affect about 3 per 1,000 individuals annually in the United States from kidney stones to infections to cancer
What are the main symptoms of kidney failure?
Here’s the most important information below
If it’s found at an early stage, medicine and regular tests to monitor it may help stop it becoming more advanced.
1 .Urine changes
Changes in urination routine may be an indication of kidney disease or kidney failure .Going to the bathroom either too often or not often enough can be a sign of a problem with the kidneys and color of your urine; which can range from very dark orange to almost clear. Another thing to look at closely if You see blood in your urine Healthy kidneys typically keep the blood cells in the body when filtering wastes from the blood to create urine This happens because the blood in your urine makes it a different color. If you have gross hematuria, you may also get blood clots in your urine, which can be painful. These changes could be a sign of a less serious condition if you notice changes in your urine, it is important to see a doctor. Remember that early diagnosis leads to early commencement of treatment.
2. Dry and itchy skin
Healthy kidneys remove wastes and extra fluid from your body and control the body’s fluid balance When the kidneys fail, the build-up of waste in your blood can cause severe itching. this back up begins to show in signs of dry, itchy skin patches all over the body In some cases, patches of skin can break out in what appears to be acne as well. The itching that is associated with kidney disease is usually characterized by several episodes of extreme itching throughout the day, which can get worse at night.
3. Swelling in hands or feet
Swelling in the hands or feet is one of the most important signs of kidney failure . Swelling in the hands or feet mean Decreased kidney function can lead to sodium retention, causing swelling in your feet and ankles Failing kidneys don’t remove extra fluid, which builds up in your body causing swelling in the hands or feet At first, most individuals notice their ankles swelling at night, or a puffy face out of nowhere; and then they may begin to see the swelling expand to other areas of their body. The increased urine frequency related to usage of water pills results in increased bladder urgency/ frequency.visit a doctor for testing and treatment If it’s found at an early stage
Another common symptom of kidney Weakness can be caused by many reasons, When the kidneys are functioning properly, they create erythropoietin (EPO), a hormone that triggers the body to produce red blood cells, a build-up of wastes or a shortage of red blood cells anemia can cause these problems If the kidneys start to fail. they will make less EPO, which means fewer hormones are directing the body to produce the necessary amount of red blood cells Anyone who feels excessively tired for an extended period with no clear reason should speak to a doctor.
5. muscles cramp
The kidneys are responsible for regulating electrolyte balance . The reason for muscle cramps is the imbalanced electrolyte and/or fluid levels that accumulate in the body as metabolic waste reaches higher levels in the bloodstream For example, low calcium levels and poorly controlled phosphorus may contribute to muscle cramping. You might also notice that you have developed a pins and needles sensation in the arms and legs. You could even lose sensation. The pain and discomfort associated with muscle cramping may also disrupt sleep and make life extremely difficult
6. An unpleasant taste
This is known as Uremia. Uremia can also make food taste different and cause bad breath When kidneys failure buildup of waste in the body, the body may react by producing the taste of metal in your mouth or causing bad breath. and the number of red blood cells drops. The extreme fatigue can cause mental confusion They may suddenly stop liking to eat meat, or they may lose weight because they dont feel like eating so this is a warning sign of a potential kidney disease. Another complication of kidney disease is anemia, which can cause weakness and fatigue.
7. Shortness of breath
Trouble catching your breath can be related to the kidneys, the Shortness of breath happens because the buildup of excess fluid can collect in your lungs, which can cause respiratory issues. Second, the reduced production of red blood cells also reduces the amount of oxygenated blood circulating through the lungs. the lungs have to work harder in a quest to get more oxygen into the available red blood cells. for example A short walk to fetch mail from the mail box can be a hard to accomplish mission.
Anemia related to kidney failure can mean that the brain is not getting enough oxygen. When your brain is not getting enough oxygen, it manifests beyond dizziness and concentration problems; you can also experience memory problems and other issues with cognitive functions. You might even develop an aversion to some foods, as they may taste completely off, which could cause you to associate the displeasing taste with them.
Kidney disease can lead to anemia, People have difficulty tolerating cold winter months the medical term used to describe a reduces production of red blood cells. Anemia comes with its own set of symptoms, the most prominent but overlooked being common cases of chills. If it’s found at an early stage getting your kidneys evaluated by a doctor, will all aide in helping this type of symptom.
10. Pain in the lower back
The most common causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD) do not cause any pain .But sometimes he feels pain in his Flank area because the kidneys are located on either side of the spine in the back If the Kidneys become damaged or diseased, Backaches and joint pain could be signs of an injury, or they could be signs of a kidney infection you may develop pain around the area where the kidneys are located; the lower back.